Bosnia and Herzegovina declared independence from SFR Yugoslavia.
The Siege of Sarajevo: Bosnian Serbs besieged Sarajevo, and started the war.
Serbian Forces took Eastern Bosnia under control.
Bosnia and Herzegovina Forces retook Srebrenica from Serbs, and tens of thousands of Bosnian Muslims (Bosniaks), from other parts of Bosnia, fled to Srebrenica.
As against the threats that Serbs will invade the town, the UN Security Council, Resolution 819, declared Srebrenica a “Safe Area”.
Canadian troops, United Nations Protection Forces (UNPROFOR), in Srebrenica
UN and NATO forced Bosnia-Herzegovina Government to conclude the treaty of demilitarization of Srebrenica.
Serbs attacked “Safe Area”. 1 Dutch soldier was killed and 30 were captured by Serbs.
Bosnian forces repulsed Serbs.
Karremans, the commander of the Dutch peacekeepers, requested air support from the UN to defend “safe area”. Lieutenant-general Gen Janvier, commander of UN forces in Bosnia, first refused the air-support but then he allowed. However, since Serbs stopped their attacks, Janvier postpone air-support to the next morning and it was declared, by Karremans, that 50 NATO warplanes would organize an air-strike to the town “at 6 in the morning”.
9.00 - Karremans was notified that he made a 'Procedural Error’. He was asked to renew his request of air support.
10.30 - The Request reached to Janvier. It was realized that the NATO warplanes have no fuel. This means that warplanes would fuel up from Italy.
11.00 - Janvier expressed his reservations about whether an air-strike is necessary. Meanwhile, more than twenty thousand refugees, mostly women and children and sick, were being taken to Potocari, three miles away from Srebrenica.
14.40 - Dutchs took the initiative and two Dutch F-16s dropped bombs to Serbian positions. Serbs threatened Dutchs to kill Dutch captives, and so they succeeded to stop following air-strikes.
16.15 - Ratko Mladic went to Srebrenica and claimed that Srebrenica was a Serbian town and today was a “national eve” for Serbs, and moreover, he told that the time to revenge from Turks and janissaries came, while all of these were recording. At that time, five thousands refugees were in Srebrenica, and twenty thousands were in neighbour areas.
16.45 - Serbs arrived Potocari where thousands of civilians were kept.
20.30 - Mladic called Karremans a meeting. Karremans requested food and medicine allowance for civil people. “Do you have a wife and child?” and “Would you like to see them?”, Mladic asked Dutch Commander.
20.45 - The Dutch Soldiers and their commander Karremans, were entrusted with protecting innocent civilians, surrendered and left the “safe area” to Serb Forces.
23.45 - Mladic and Krstic met with Muslim Srebrenicans. Mladic told them to left all their weapons and added “Allah cannot help you, but Mladic can”.
The buses came to the Muslim area to take refugees, but Serbs began to keep men between 12-77 year olds in a different place. They, then, told that men would be detained for questioning.
Bosnians who were escaping to highlands were opened fire and hundreds of them were killed. 1000 - 2700 of them were slaughtered in Bratunac. In midnight, 5000 refugees, who were asylum to Dutch peacekeepers, were given in to Serbs by Dutch soldiers and almost all of them were killed. As a response to this “favour”, thirteen Dutch soldier were released.
Serbs slaughtered 8372 Bosnian Muslims within five days in an area, where was declared "safe" by UN and where was supposed to be defended by 600 UN Dutch soldiers.
600 genocide victims were buried in Potocari, after 18 years of “Genocide”.
Turkish Prime Minister Erdogan, following that he attended the Commemorate in Srebrenica, went to Serbia and sources claimed that he told Mladic must be caught and must be brought to justice.
Turkey sent a committee to Serbia and turned up the pressures about Mladic.
Murder, and war criminal, Ratko Mladic, was arrested and was sent to Lahey. Clashes began in Serbia.
The identification of 6241 victims could only be made.
6241 victims buried.
Turkey offered to accept the Srebrenica Massacre as “genocide” in UN Security Council, but this was vetoed by Russia that is the permanent member of UN.
It was revealed by BBC that the USA, the UK and France blocked the air support and winked at the Serbs Massacre in accordance with a “secret agreement” between them.
Serbian PM Aleksandar Vucic, a member of the Serbian Radical Party during the period of the war, is well known for his statement in which he promised he would murder 100 innocent Muslims for each dead Serb; he also visited Srebrenica. When he arrived in Srebrenica he was greeted by a Srebrenica Mother who lost her whole family to the horrific genocide carried out be the Serbian Forces, she pinned a badge commemorating the Srebrenica genocide onto his jacket and in doing so sent a strong and powerful message to the world. This was not received well in Serbia however as nationalists in Belgrade and Nis protested his visit to the town of Srebrenica: a sobering reminder of the refusal by criminal Serbians to acknowledge one of the worst atrocity to occur in modern Europe.
Almost 1200 victims have not yet been identified and buried. Bosnians have been still seeking for justice for 21 years.